The International Vegetarian Union (IVU) in Latin America
|The International Vegetarian Union (IVU) was founded in 1908, in Dresden, Germany. Since then, a series of world vegetarian congresses have been held on all continents. In 2008, IVU returned to Dresden for its centenary, with the 38th IVU World Vegetarian Congress.|
|IVU Foundation - Dresden 1908||IVU Centenary - Dresden 2008|
IVU is divided into eight regions: Africa, Asia-Pacific, Asia-South and India, Asia-West, Middle East, Europe, North America and Latin America and the Caribbean. The Regional Representatives of the IVU are appointed by the International Council, which also elects its Chair.
|Vegetarian societies and congresses in Latin America|
|This report does not intend to exhaust all the societies and events that have always occurred in Latin America, but rather those of which we have news, and some of the most important. We more or less followed the investigation initiated by John Davis, for IVU, consulting mainly the archives of the Vegetarian Society of the United Kingdom and added other information to which we had access.
The first record of a vegetarian organization in Latin America is from 1891, which is the Vegetarian Society of Valparaíso, Chile.
In 1909, there are records of a Portuguese-Brazilian vegetarian magazine, O Vegetariano (1009-1935), edited by Amílcar de Sousa, in Porto, Portugal, reporting various activities in Brazil.
In 1958 we have the Naturist Association of Buenos Aires, Argentina and the Sociedade Naturista do Brasil, in Rio de Janeiro.
In 1971, German Alberti Vásquez attended the IVU World Vegetarian Congress in the Netherlands and appears to have been elected to the IVU International Council during that event, although the records are not entirely clear. From this congress German Alberti decided to organize a Regional Congress in his country of origin, Venezuela, which was the pioneering Latin American vegetarian congress in 1972.
From 1972 to 1980, there were five regional vegetarian congresses in Latin America:
1st Latin American Vegetarian Congress, Caracas, Venezuela 1972
2nd Latin American Vegetarian Congress, Bogotá, Colombia, 1974
3rd Latin American Vegetarian Congress, Santiago, Chile 1976
4th Latin American Vegetarian Congress, Mexico, Mexico 1978
5th Latin American Vegetarian Congress, Brasilia, Brazil 1980
German Alberti in 1972
1st Latin American Congress, 1972
1. The violation of one of the most important laws of physical health that govern human beings and, therefore, the cause of most of the pain, suffering, disease and social depravity.
2. The transgression of the moral law of love because it involves the daily slaughter of animals and the practice of absolutely unnecessary cruelty”.2
Previously, there was a regional secretary of IVU that covered all the Americas, but in 1975, there was a formal separation between North America and Latin America, which has since had its own Regional Secretaries. Dr. Becerra Lima, from Mexico, was appointed Regional Secretary for Latin America, remaining in the position until 1979. Also prof. M. J. Londono, from Colombia, was elected to the IVU International Council, remaining until 1982. In 1977, Rafael Lezaeta, from Chile, was elected to the IVU Council.
|In the 1977 IVU records, the following Latin American members appear:
Society of Naturology of Venezuela; Natural Life Cultures Association of Panama; Vegetarian Association of Naturology of Colombia; Asociación Mexicana Naturista and Asociación de Naturología de Guyana.
In 1979, in addition to the above, two more appeared: Sociedade de Naturopatia do Brasil; Naturist Association of Buenos Aires and Cultores de la Vida Natural Association, Bolivia.
In 1981, eleven vegetarian societies are reported in Latin America, members of the Latin American Vegetarian Federation.
In 1982, Dr. German Alberti was elected IVU Regional Secretary for Latin America.
In 1984, Ms. Nelly Fernandez-French was elected to the IVU Council, where she remained until 1990.
In 1986, Joaquim Him, from Panama, was elected to the IVU Council, where he remained until 1994.3
In 1994, there was a decrease in the participation of Latin America in IVU, since the only IVU member was ASCUVINA (Assoc. Cultores de la Vida Natural), from Panama.
In 1997, Luis Escala, from Ecuador, was appointed Regional Secretary of IVU for Latin America.
In 1998, the discussion lists of vegetarianism veg-latina and veg-brasil are created, in addition to the website Sitio Vegetariano.
They were pioneering lists and sites in Portuguese and Spanish for discussing vegetarianism. With this, an important channel of communication was established between vegetarians from all parts, especially in Latin America, speaking Spanish and Portuguese respectively. From then on new organizations, sites and all kinds of initiatives for the propagation of vegetarianism began to emerge. A very important instrument that made all this communication possible was undoubtedly the Internet. And with all this begins a new moment of the vegetarian movement. It is fair to say that there were many vegetarians scattered everywhere, and a desire to share what did so much good to them. So these communication resources found fertile soil in which to flourish.
The event had 700 subscribers from 35 different countries and 1,300 participants in total. Ten Latin American countries were present, and the Latin American Vegetarian Union – UVLA was founded at this time.
In 2005, the IVU Regional Coordinator for Latin America, Marly Winckler, visited Montevideo, Uruguay, at the invitation of the Uruguayan Vegetarian Union (UVU) and the Uruguayan Vegetarian and Vegan Union (UVVU), many of whose members later, in 2006, participated of the Latin American Congress in São Paulo and in 2009 of the Vegan Festival in Rio.
Unión Vegetariana y Vegana de Uruguay
Members of UVVU
In December 2005, the IVU coordinator for Latin America and the Caribbean visited Argentina for the 2nd National Vegetarian Congress, organized by the Argentina Vegetarian Union (UVA). On this occasion, Marly Winckler met Delio Esteve, an 80-year-old historical vegetarian and her son Claudio Esteve, whose grandfather Juan Esteve Dulin was a famous naturalist.
Manuel Martí / Marly Winckler and Delio Esteve
2nd Congreso Nacional Vegetariano of UVA
In 2006, the Sociedade Vegetariana Brasileira (SVB) organized the 1st Brazilian Vegetarian Congress and the 1st Latin American Vegetarian Congress, at the Memorial of Latin America, São Paulo.
|In 2009, Sociedade Vegetariana Brasileira (SVB)
12th Vegan Festival in Rio de Janeiro.
This event for the first time comes to a
Latin American country.
|In 2010, the Vegetarian Union of Paraguay (UVPy) organized the 1st Subregional Seminar "Vegetarianism & Health", in Asunción. The IVU Regional Coordinator for Latin America, Marly Winckler, was present, as well as Miguel Facal, from the IVU Council.||
Members of UVPy
In 2011, Marly Winckler was elected president of IVU.5 She is the third woman and the first Latin American to hold this position. In the same year, Manuel Martí, president-founder of the UVA, is appointed Regional Coordinator of the IVU for Latin America and the Caribbean.
In 2016, the Argentina Vegetarian Union (UVA) organizes the 44th IVU World Vegfest in Buenos Aires. They were 4 days full of activities and efficient dissemination of vegetarianism. People from 17 countries attended this event: Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, United States, Switzerland, Poland, Belgium, Germany, Spain, Mexico, France, Austria, Panama, Taiwan and Australia.
In recent years, Latin America's participation in IVU has grown a lot. We now have six Latin Americans on the IVU Board: Alex Fernandes (webmaster), from Brazil, Ignacia Uribe, from Chile, Carlos Naconecy, from Brazil, Cynthia S. Paim, from Brazil, Manuel Martí (Regional Representative for LA), from Argentina and Marly Winckler (chair), from Brazil.
In view of the discovery of the existence of the five Latin American Vegetarian Congresses mentioned, we started to count, as of 2006, these events in the numbering of our Latin American Congresses / Vegfests.
1. Full report in:
2. O Vegetariano Magazine, Sociedade Vegetariana Editora, Porto, 1917.
3. In 1994, the author of this article participated in the IVU Congress in The Hague and met Joaquim Him, from Panama.
4. John Davis, Learning from the developing world, IVU, 2010. https://ivu.org/index.php/blogs/john-davis/147-learning-from-the-developing-world
5. John Davis, Latin America leads the Veg World, IVU, 2011. https://ivu.org/index.php/blogs/john-davis/124-latin-america-leads-the-veg-world
6. For a report on the history of Vegetarian Societies in Latin America see: https://ivu.org/lac/history.html Much of the information in this article comes from there, as well as from https://ivu.org /history-legacy-pages.html