N. Mankar (1895-1977)
IVU Vice -President 1955-77
IVU Regional Secretary for India and the
photo right from the Souvenir book of the 1957 IVU
From the minutes of the meeting of the Executive Committee, held
in Paris, France, 1954 May 1-2:
The secretary further stated that he had received an invitation to
hold the 1957 Congress in Bombay but that the main IVU Congresses
must be held in Europe out of loyalty to the nations who had built
the IVU. He had however made tentative plans for a supplementary Congress
to be held in Bombay to cater for countries of the Orient. This was
receiving the support of Dastor Bode and local arrangements would
be handled by the Bombay Humanitarian League which was a member of
the IVU. The date to be late 1956 or early 1957. This plan was approved.
A notice from 'The Vegetarian World Forum' Autumn 1954:
IVU Announcement: In order to co-ordinate the work of vegetarian
groups in the countries of the Orient and link them with the world
vegetarian family the International Vegetarian Union has agreed to
sponsor a Vegetarian Congress to be held in Bombay, India, probably
February, 1957. Vegetarian groups and individuals willing to co-operate,
especially those in far eastern countries, are invited to write to
the Congress Organising Secretary:-
Mr.J.N.Mankar, The Bombay Humanitarian League, 149 Shroff Bazar, Bombay
From the minutes of the Business meeting of the 14th World Vegetarian
Congress, held in Paris, France, 1955:
Congress for 1958: It was agreed that the next International Congress
should be held in Germany.
Indian Congress: the Congress in India in 1957, organised by the Bombay
Humanitarian League, was regarded as an additional Congress. [The
1958 German Congress did not go ahead and the Indian Congress became
the first World Vegetarian Congress to be held outside Europe, despite
the reluctance of the Europeans.]
The following additional Vice Presidents were elected:- . . . Mr.J.N.Mankar
From The Vegetarian (UK VegSoc magazine) Jan/Feb 1957:
World Vegetarian Congress: The 15th World Vegetarian Congress to
be held in Bombay, India, has been postponed from the month of February,
1957 to November, 1957, owing to the international conditions. It
will be innaugurated by Dr. Rajandra Prasad, the President of the
Republic of India.
The Congress is sponsored by the International Vegetarian Union,
of 24 Binney Street, London, W.l., and the Bombay Humanitarian League
and the All India Animal Welfare Societies. Mrs. Rukmini Devi Arundale,
M.P., has been elected the President of the All India Reception Committee,
and Shri. J. N. Mankar, the General Organiser.
From The Vegetarian Mar/Apr 1957:
Greetings from India
On behalf of the Bombay Humanitarian League, which is a pioneer humanitarian
organization of India, we offer you and the members of your Society
our sincere greetings and good wishes for the New Year and enclose
herewith a Calendar for the year 1957, which will always remind us
of the Cause and Cure for all the cruelties to animals and human sufferings.
The innumerable animals which are subjected to torturous deaths are
justified in exclaiming "Why kill for food when nature gives
plenty of vegetarian diet." It is now for mankind, which has
evidently grown too callous, to hear them and take to natural and
humane ways of life, acquire health of body and mind and achieve the
noble purpose of human existence.
The Bombay Humanitarian League being convinced right from its inception
that main cause of cruelty and killing of animals is rooted in the
palate and the stomach of mankind, lays great stress on the food reform
movement in the positive form, by exposing the values of vegetarian
diet. Though this has greatly helped to check the use of flesh foods,
now becoming a part of civilized life of India, yet it has proved
too feeble to stop the same effectively. At a time when considerate
men and women of the Western countries have become conscious of the
dangers of flesh foods and incidental and consequential cruelties,
tortures and increasing blood thirstiness of the nations of the World,
unfortunately fondness for imitating Western modes of diet and life,
resulting in the use of flesh foods is increasing especially among
the younger and educated generation. This calls for a strong coalition
between humanitarians of the West and the East to free humanity from
this misconception of life. We therefore cordially invite our Western
friends to join us at the forthcoming World Vegetarian Congress to
be held in India from 9th November, 1957, and make it an epoch making
event and harbinger of real universal peace and brotherhood of all
J. N. MANKAR. Hon. Secretary, The Bombay Humanitarian League, 149
Shroff Bazar, Bombay, 2.
The Vegetarian May/Jun 1957:
President's Eastern Tour: We welcome back our widely travelled President,
Mr. W.A. Sibly, M.A., J.P., [this refers to The Vegetarian Society
President, but he was also Past-President of IVU] who has been touring
the far East and was entertained in Bombay and Delhi by organizers
of the World Vegetarian Congress in India. He congratulated the humanitarians
of India on staging the November Congress in the home of vegetarianism,
right: Mr W.A.Sibly, M.A., J.P., [IVU President] in Delhi, with
Mr A.L.Jindal, Secretary of the Delhi Vegetarian Society [background]
- and Mr J.N.Mankar [on the far right]
THE INDIAN CONGRESS
YOU will be pleased to know that even after the decision to postpone
the World Vegetarian Congress from February to November, 1957, enthusiasm
for the Congress in India and abroad has not only continued but increased.
The All India Reception Committee has been considerably enlarged.
Several propaganda meetings in various parts of India are held and
encouraging replies are being received from vegetarians and humanitarians
of the countries of the world. The response from some of the Asian
countries like Burma, Ceylon, Aden, Ethiopia, China and Japan is also
The Congress will be inaugurated on 9th November. 1957, by the President
of the Republic of India (Dr. Rajendra Prasad) at Bombay where a three
days' programme of lectures and cultural activities will be staged.
The foreign delegates will then fly to Delhi, Patna, Calcutta and
Madras for talks and similar programmes.
Fraternally yours, MAGANLAL M. SHAH, MAGANLAL P. DOSHI, DASTUR FRAMROZE
BODE, J. N. MANKAR,
General Secretaries. 149 Shroff Bazar, Bombay, 2.
of the Business Meetings
Regional Secretaries: It was agreed that three Secretaries should
be appointed to work in the following regions:- India and the East;
America and the West; and in Britain for Europe and the North; under
the direction of the Executive Committee. That funds should be allocated
to the Indian and USA Secretaries for working capital.
Mr.J.N.Mankar gave thanks to the president and all the delegates
who had taken part in the Congress. He also gave special thanks to
Mrs.Rukmini Devi Arundale who had inspired and guided the reception
committee, and to the many generous Indian hosts and hostesses.
above: Deputy President welcomed : Mr Oluf Egerod, of Denmark,
Deputy President of I.V.U., when he was hreeted on arrival in India.
With him are Mr Shah, Mr J.N.Mankar, chief organiser of the Congress,
Mr Woodland Kahler and Mr Pattani.
from the Souvenir book of
the 1957 IVU Congess:
on 9 May 1958, International Vegetarian Union, MEETING OF THE EXECUTIVE
APPOINTMENT OF HONORARY SECRETARIES:
In accordance with the Resolution passed at the Indian Congress the
following appointments were made:- . . . Hon Secretary for India and
the East :- Mr J.N.Mankar
right: Jay Mankar at the IVU Congress in Germany 1960
The Bi-Annual Reports for the two years ended 31 December 1959 were
given by the General Secretary (Mr Rudd) and the Regional Secretary
for India and the East (Mr Mankar) and these were approved.
Vice Presidents (re-elected):- . . . Mr J N Mankar (India)
Regional Secretaries Appointed: . . .Mr J N Mankar (India and the
Quote: "You will know that,
after all, the Government of India did not cancel the tiger hunt on
the occasion of the visit of Her Majesty the Queen, though there was
a good deal of opposition. We are very sorry to have to say that not
only one but two tigers were shot by the Duke and his party, while
many small animals were also shot by the Queen and her party. Apart
from killing the innocent animals they have no doubt hit at the deep-rooted
humanitarian sentiments of a large number of the people of India."
- The British Vegetarian, March/April 1961
17th World Vegetarian Congress 1963, Barcelona, Spain
Report - Mr. J. N. Mankar, (Report of the Hon. Regional Secretary
of India and the East)
10 November 1963, MEETING OF THE INTERNATIONAL VEGETARIAN UNION EXCECUTIVE
The Ambassador Hotel, The Hague, Holland
Indian Convention: It was reported that Mr Mankar had arranged the
first National Convention to open in the first week of January 1964
in Bombay and that a party of about 15 young European vegetarians
had been invited to attend with free hospitality for two months during
which a tour of India would be made. The General Secretary said that
he has also received a pressing invitation but that he could not spare
the time... he was asked to send greetings and good wishes for the
success of the Convention.
18th World Vegetarian Congress 1965, Swanwick, England
The President read telegrams of good wishes from friends . . . one
from the wife of Mr J N Mankar who was celebrating his 71st Birthday
at the first Session
Vice Presidents: Mr J N Mankar (India),
re-appointed the Regional Secretaries: Mr J N Mankar (India &
NEXT CONGRESS A long discussion was held to decide an the country
in which to hold the next Congress, the needs in particular were assessed
for each region issuing invitations. Finally it was agreed that the
next 1967 World Congress ( the 19th) should be hold in India and Mr
Mankar assured prospective delegates that they would be given free
hospitality during the period of the Congress, paying for only their
fare to India and any internal travel. The General secretary said
he would try to organize a Charter Flight from England, So that Europe
would not be without a Congress for four years it was agreed that
the 20th would to held in Holland in 1968.
The Indian Delegates led by Mr. J. N. Mankar, arranged a whole session,
and gave a series of most interesting talks - by Mr. Mankar, -Mr.
Amrit Lal Jindal, Mr. Jay Dinshah and Mr. M. Somani.
28 August 1965, 18th World Congress. The Hayes, Swanwick, England
: Committee Meeting
Present: . . . Mr Mankar (Sec for India)
Indian Funds: Mr Mankar, Secretary for India & the east, said
he had received 750 Rupees in affiliation fees from Indian Societies
& it was agreed that such funds should be used for Congress expenses.