International Vegetarian Union (IVU)
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USA: 19th Century
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)

emersonfrom the Souvenir book of the 1957 IVU Congress in India:

RALPH WALDO EMERSON an, American Philosopher, deeply in sympathy with Eastern thought, writes : " You have just dined, and however scrupulously the slaughter-house is concealed in the graceful distance of miles, there is complicity..."

from a report by English visitors to the 1904 International Vegetarian Congress in St. Louis, USA:

We visited the homes and graves of Emerson, Hawthorn, the Alcotts, and Thoreau, at Concord, to some of us the Mecca of America.