- 1837 - American Physiological Society.
A vegetarian society in all but name, founded by William Alcott and
Sylvester Graham. The first secular organisation in the world specifically
promoting vegetarianism. For more details of this and much more, see
the excellent Vegetarian America - a History, available from
amazon,com on the right.
This was soon followed by other Physiological Societies, one for Ladies and at least one local group. We also have an account from the Centenary Book of the Philadelphia Bible Christian Church, 1917, of their version:
Bible-Christian Physiological Society
Dec. 25, 1840 and 1841
SOCIETY was organized August 16, 1840, and was
in existence apparently about two years, being devoted
to the giving of lectures and public discussions on the
advantages of Vegetarianism. The Officers and Members
consisted principally of Bible-Christian Church
Members and others in sympathy with or interested in
the subject of Vegetarianism.
- 1850 - American
- 1852 - New York Vegetarian
- 1860-80 - both the above societies had closed by the
early 1860s and, for about the next 20 years, we have no references
to any Vegetarian Societies in the USA. The British Vegetarian magazines
carried many letters from Americans; reports from health establishments,
particularly at Battle Creek, Michigan; reports from several religious
communes such as the Shakers, and secular communes in Alabama and California.
Vegetarianism was still very much alive and kicking in the States, but
- 1882 - American Vegetalivorian Society
- "According to the Russian journal Novosti, and agent of
the American Vegetalivorian Society has arrived in Russia charged with
the mission of opening Vegetarian restaurants in various localities
in that country." - The Dietetic Reformer and Vegetarian Messenger,
February 1882, p44.
- 1884 - Pacific/Californian
Food Reform Society - San Francisco
- 1886 - Vegetarian Society
of America - Philadelphia
- 1889 - Washington D.C Vegetarian Society - "Dr.
Pfleging a native of Germany, who has had experience of English life,
is starting a Vegetarian Society in this city." - Vegetarian
Messenger (Manchester, England), April 1889, p105
- Chicago Vegetarian Society
- 1890 - Kansas City Vegetarian Society
- "A letter from
New Orleans. - It is not altogether improbable that, in the course of
a year or so, an effort may be made here in New Orleans to organise
Vegetarian Society." - the Vegetarian Messenger (Manchester,
England) September 1890, p275.[the writer indicated a knowledge of the
VSA, but it is not known if the society was ever formed].
- three Americans contributed papers to the International
Vegetarian Congress in London, in Spetember 1890, including the president
of the Vegetarian Society of America.
- 1891 - Vegetarian Society
at Battle Creek, Michigan
- 1893 - 3rd International
Vegetarian Congress - at the World's Fair in Chicago, supported
by the VSA and the Chicago Society.
- 1895 - New York VS ; Portland,
- 1896 - Rev. Henry S. Clubb - brief
bio, and photo, of the president of the Vegetarian Society of America.
- 1897 - report from the Vegetarian
Society of America
- report from the Oregon
Vegetarian Society (founded 1891)
- 1898 - a reference to the 'Vegetarian Society of Philadelphia'
though this was almost certainly the Vegetarian Society of America,
based in Philadelphia.
- Boston, U.S.A. - "We learn from the New England Anti-Vivisection
Society Monthly that a Vegetarian restaurant will before long, be
started in Boston, a number of prominent Bostonians being interested
in forming a Vegetarian Society for that purpose."
- A Visit to America - by
the Rev. James Clark, Vice President of the Vegetarian Society (UK)
- from a talk about Tolstoy at the 1932 IVU Congress: "In
1898, under the Russian régime it that time, and with the direct
assistance of Tolstoy, about 8,000 the Doukhobors decided to migrate
to Canada, where their numbers have since grown to about 15,000 - all,
with but few exceptions, still being vegetarians."
- 1900 - Annual Meeting of the Vegetarian
Federal Union in London: "reports from societies in all parts
of the world, including South Australia, India and America, the two
latter recording most unprecedented success in those countries."
- from a later VFU Committee meeting: "Two interesting letters
were read, from Mr. Eustace Miles, of America, and Mr. Clubb, the latter
nominating Dr. Kress as representative to the V.F.U."
- referring to the upcoming Internationa Congress in Paris, France:
We have already received papers and promises of speeches from . . .
America, [a later report mentioned a paper from America but gave
- International Vegetarian Congress 1904, St. Louis, USA
organized by the St. Louis Vegetarian Society, and refers to
the New York Vegetarian Society
- History of Vegetarian Societies
in North America after 1908
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