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History of Vegetarianism - Europe: The Middle Ages to the 18th Century
John Hawkesworth (c. 1715-1773)

Dr Daniel Solander, Sir Joseph Banks, Captain James Cook, Dr John Hawkesworth and Earl Sandwich by John Hamilton Mortimer

Hawkesworth -extracts

John Hawkesworth was an English writer and book editor (editor of the periodical The Adventurer). In his edition of Swift’s Works he wrote:

 Among other dreadful and disgusting images which Custom has rendered familiar, are those which arise from eating animal food. He who has ever turned with abhorrence from the skeleton of a beast which has been picked whole by birds or vermin, must confess that habit alone could have enabled him to endure the sight of the mangled bones and flesh of a dead carcass which every day cover his table. And he who reflects on the number of lives that have been sacrificed to sustain his own, should enquire by what the account has been balanced, and whether his life is become proportionately of more value by the exercise of virtue and by the superior happiness which he has communicated to reasonable beings.

  • Hawkesworth - from The Ethics of Diet by Howard Williams, 1883


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