Ancient India and The East
Note - these are not just lists of 'famous vegetarians' - they are people with a view on the subject, and the articles explain whether they put those veiws into practice.
- Zoroaster / Zarathustra (628?-551?)
- Español - Zoroastro
- Mahavira (599-527 BC)
- Buddha (?563-483 BC)
- Cyrus the Great (c.520BC)
- King Asoka of India (273?-232 BC)
- Vegetarianism and Vegetarians in Japan
- The Vegetarian Movement in Sri Lanka
- China & Vegetarianism
- Religion & Vegetarianism
Complete Old Books:
- Outlines of Jainism (link to archive.org) by Jagmanderlal Jaini M.A., Indore. Pub. Cambridge, 1916. Founded by Mahavira, 599 BC - avoids all harm to animal life.
- The Kalpa sutra, and Nava tatva: two works illustrative of the Jain religion and philosophy (link to archive.org) trans. & appendix by J. Stevenson, Bombay. Pub. London, 1818
- Jaina Sutras Part I & II (link to Google books) trans. Hermann Jacobi, Oxford 1884
- Texts from the Buddhist canon, commonly known as Dhammapada, with accompanying narratives (link to archive.org) trans. Samuel Beal, Prof. of Chinese, London, 1878. Buddha (?563-483 BC)
- The Lankavatara Sutra; a Mahayana text (link to archive.org) trans. Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki, London, 1932
- Asoka, the Buddhist emperor of India (link to archive.org) by Vincent A. Smith M.R.A.S., Oxford, 1901. Asoka (273?-232 BC) banned all animal slaughter in India.
- The Laws of Manu (link to Google books) trans. George Bühler, Oxford, 1886. Somewhat disputed Hindu texts... does not prohibit meat eating but: p.99, Law 48: "Meat can never be obtained without injury to living creatures, and injury to sentient beings is detrimental to (the attainment of) heavenly bliss ; let him therefore shun (the use of) meat."
- Were there vegans in the ancient world? - IVU Manager's blog