International Vegetarian Union (IVU)
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23rd IVU World Vegetarian Congress 1975
Orono, Maine, USA

Bangor Daily News, August 22, 1975
[several photographs in the paper are of too poor quality in our surviving photocopy to reproduce]

Vegans live without need of any animal products

ORONO - Vegans are those vegetarians who believe that no animals or animal by products should be included in daily use or consumption.

Freya Dinshah who spoke Friday at the World Vegetarian Congress said hers was the "compassionate way of life" differing from vegetarianism only to the degree in which vegans follow their beliefs. Mrs. Dinshah's husband, Jay, is founder of the movement in America. He, too, has spoken on veganism during the conference at the University of Maine.

Vegans base their movement on the belief that man is not a carnoivorous animal.

"He does not have the fangs or claws of the meat eating animal and his digestive tract is built more like the plant-eating ape," she said.

They extend their belief to the growing of food. Vegans grow their plants organically, using plant compost rather than animal ferilizers. They also avoid medicines, serums and personal care products that might have been tested on animals.

The vegan cook has the problem of making what some might consider fodder into a delectable diet. It would seem, with the elimination of meat, fish and fowl that there would be not much variety to a meal.

Mrs. Dinshah however showed slides and described different meals she serves to her family.

A typical moring might find watermelon slices and watermelon juice for breakfast.

Another breakfast slide showed a plate of grapefruit, oranges and peeled almonds. She suggested people who have difficulty digesting nuts learn to chew them properly, that is, very finely.

Another breakfast featured blueberries, peaches and sesame seed milk.

Salads are particularly important to the vegan. Mra. Dinshah always includes several different lettuces and raw vegetables. One such salad included a celery stick, romoine lettice, raw spinach and alfalfa sprouts. A cup of hot vegetable soup in the winter warms the vegan so he can more readily enjoy his salad, Mrs. Dinshah suggested.

For dinner, she serves sich things as nut roasts and a casserole made with mashed potatoes and rutabaga decorated with mushrooms and parsley.

As a substitute for "fun" foods, Mrs. Dinshah suggested the group slice potatoes and brown them in the oven until crisp for "those who miss potato chips".

She also served her children whole wheat pizza that includes tomatoes and chopped vegetables on the whole wheat crust. To top it off she makes cheese from soy milk.

She said the material might seem limited but the variety is infinite.