International Vegetarian Union (IVU)
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4th International Congress 1897
London, England

From The Vegetarian (London) August 21st, updated August 28th, September 4th and September 11th, 1897:


Sep. 12th to 19th, inclusive.

President of the Congress : A. F. Hills, Esq., D.L.

Sunday, September 12th. - City Road Congregational Church, 11 a.m. Humanitarian Sermon. Rev. J. F. B. Tinling.
Sunday, September 12th. - Brotherhood Church, Southgate Road N. 7 p.m. Humanitarian Sermon. Miss May Yates.
Sunday, September 12th. - Unitarian Church, Lewisham, S.E., Humanitarian Sermon by Mr. J. Martin Skinner. Morning Service.
Sunday, September 12th. - Plaistow, New Jerusalem Church, Grafton Street, 6.30 p.m. Humanitarian Sermon by Mr. J. T. Barlow.
Sunday, September 12th. - Mansion House Mission, between 212 and 214 Camberwell Road, S.E. Humanitarian Sermon by Mr. G. W. Linnecar, Superintendant.
Sunday, September 12th. - Free Christian (Mr. Page Hopps) Church(close to West Croydon station). Humanitarian Semon. Mr. Josiah Oldfield, M.A. 7 p.m.

Monday, September 13th.
- Opening of the Exhibition. Reception of Delegates by President and Committee of the V.F.U. and President's address, 3 p.m. (All Vegetarians are specially invited to the opening address).
Monday, September 13th. - President's Opening Address, by Mr. A. F. Hills Esq. D.L.
Monday, September 13th. - Conversazione [Tickets 1/-], 7.30 p.m.
Monday, Sept. 13th Friday Sept. 17th. - The Exhibition will be opened by
Lady Gwedonlen Herbert.
On Monday at 4 p.m.
Grand Exhibition of Vegetarian goods, manufactures, specialities etc. Open all day, 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. Indian cookery, science lectures etc.

Tuesday, September 14th.
- Papers 11 a.m., Chiarman W. Theobald Esq., President of the Northern Heights Vegetarian Society.
- "Vegetarianism the Roor of all Good," by Madame Alexandrine Veigelé.
- "The World Beautiful," by Miss May Yates.
- "Vegetarianism in its Highest Aspects," by Miss I. P. Whitfield.
Papers 3 p.m. Chairman Herr Benno Buerdorff (German Vegetarian Society). Address on "Methods of Propaganda."
- "The Vegetarian Press and its Possibilities," by C. W. Forward Esq.
- A Note on the Food Supply of Great Britain by W. E. A. Axon Esq.
- "Vegetarian Athletics," by H. Light Esq.
- "Notabilia Pauca," by the Rev. A Bodington.
Tuesday, September 14th. - Social and Experience Meeting for Vegetarians only, 6 p.m. (in the Board Room).Chairman Major T. W. Richardson.
Tuesday, September 14th. - Special Meeting of the Order of the Golden Age at St. Martin's Town Hall. (Private) For further particulars, applicaiton should be made to Mr. S. H. Beard, The Beacon, Ilfracombe.
Tuesday, September 14th. - Reception by the Women's Vegetarian Union, 8 to 10 p.m. (particulars from Mlle. Adrienne Veigelé, Hon. Sec., 96, Crawford Street, W.)

Wednesday, September 15th.
- Papers 11 a.m. Chairman, Mrs Frances L. Boult, President of the IVY Leaf Society. Address on "Organization of our Work Among Children."
"The Religious Aspect of Food Reform Work," by Sydney H. Beard Esq.
"The Regeneration of Man," by J. S. Herron Esq.
Wednesday, September 15th. - President's Garden Party at Monkhams (by invitation Ticket only). 3 to 8 p.m. (Cricket, tennis, croquet, music, tea, etc.).

Thursday, September 16th.
- Crystal Palace, Lunch, 2.30 p.m. Public Meeting and Concert 7 p.m., Special Fireworks (Brock's Benefit Night).

Friday, September 17th.
- 11 a.m., Chairman, Councillor Joseph Malins, Grand Chief Templar of England.
"Mistakes in Vegetarianism," by the Hon. Mrs. F. J. Bruce.
"What are Animals sent for?" by Rev. Francis Wood.
"Conservative Cookery," Mrs. C.L. H. Wallace.
3 p.m.
Chairman Mr. A. F. Hills Esq., President of the Vegetarian Federal Union.
"Edible Oils," by W. A. McDonald Esq.
"Vegetarian Soap," by W. G. Smith Esq.
"Work at Oriolet Hospital," Josiah Oldfield Esq.
Closing Resolutions.
Private Receptions and "At Homes."
Friday, September 17th. - Ivy Leaf Meeting at 12, Hilldrop Crescent, Camden Road, N.W. 5.30 to 8 p.m.
Friday, September 17th. - At 5.30 p.m. The Maternity Society of England will hold a Drawing Room Meeting, at 4, Albany Terrace, N.W. (close to Portland Road station), by kind invitation of Mrs. C. L. H. Wallace, who will deliver the address. Ladies only. For cards of invitation, apply the Misses Cole, Enfield, Hon. Secs.

Saturday, September 18th.
- Festival at Oriolet Hospital, Loughton, Essex, 3.30 p.m. to 8 p.m. (for tickets apply to the Warden).
Saturday, September 18th. - Private arrangements for visiting places and objects of interest.

Sunday, September 19th.
- - Brotherhood Church, Tamworth Road, West Croydon, 7 p.m. Humanitarian address. Mr. C. W. Forward.
Sunday, September 12th. - Surrey Chapel, Blackfriars Road, S.E., P.S.A., 3.30 p.m. Humanitarian address. Mr. Albert Broadbent.
Sunday, September 19th. - Festival at Oriolet Hospital, Loughton, Essex, 4 p.m. to 8 p.m.
Sunday, September 19th. - Windsor, New Jerusalem Church, Peascod Street, 6.30 p.m. Humanitarian Sermon by Mr. T. J. Barlow.
Sunday, September 19th. - West London Mission, St. James Hall. Evening. Humanitarian Sermon. Rev. Hugh Price Hughes.

Privileges of Congress Membership Ticket. Price 5/-

The Congress Ticket entitles the holder to the following advantages:-

1. To be present at, and to take part in all the sessions, and to a reserved seat at the same. (N.B. - Ticket holders only will be entitled to take part in the discussions.)
2. To admission to all "At Homes", Picnics, and Garden Parties that may be arranged.
3. Free admission to the Conversazione on the 13th (Tickets for Conversazione are 1/- each to those who do not hold Congress tickets).
4. To an invitation to the President's Garden Party at Monkhams (September 15th). Woodford Station (G.E.R.), not George Lane. Return ticket, to be be obtained from V.F.U., 1/-.
5. To a rail and admission Ticket to the Crystal Palace (September 16th) free.
6. To obtain a 4/- ticket for the Crstal Palace Lunch on September 16th, at half price if purchased before September 11th.

NOTE - Vegetarians who are members of societies and have paid their subscription to their Society for the current year, are entitled to receive Congress Ticket and Lunch Ticket at half price [namely, 2/6 and 2/- respectively] upon application to the Secretary of the V.F.U.

Those who are entitled to the above privileges but who have already paid the full sum of 5/- for their Tickets will be communicated with individually.


A special rehearsal will be held at the Vegetarian Federal Union Offices, Memorial Hall, on Friday, August 20th, at 7 p.m.
All abstainers from flesh, fish and fowl will be welcomed.
The Palace meetings will be on Thursday, September 16th ; tickets free to members of the Choir.

STEWARDS wanted for the Conversazione on September 13th, and Crystal Palace lunch September 16th. Who will help? Please send in names at once to the Secretary V.F.U.

To the Editor of THE VEGETARIAN

Sir, - I should be very grateful if anyof your readers who have objects of Vegetarian interest would lend them for show during the Congress week - September 13th to 18th.

Early copies of some of our best old books ; autographs of eminent Vegetarians ; new or rare nuts, fruits, or vegetables ; photographs of persons or places of historic importance in our movement ; vegetable products suitable for replacing animal substances, etc., etc.

May I further ask that all your readers who live in or near London, and who would be willing to put up one or more visitors to the Congress, would at once notify to me whether they would prefer to offer hospitality to ladies or gentlemen.

In reply to numerous enquiries, may I add that any one (Vegetarian or otherwise) is eligible to become a "Member of Congress" on paying the sum of 5s., and that this entitles to free admission to the Conversazione on Monday, September 13th ; to a reserved seat at each of the sessions ; to an invitation to the President's garden party at Monkhams on the 15th ; and to a free railway ticket and admission to the Crystal Palace on the 16th and to a ticket to Crystal lunch at half price (viz 2s.).

By a late decision of the Committee, members of Vegetarian Societies are entitled to obtain a Congress ticket at half price (viz. 2s 6d), and to obtain a luncheon ticket for the Crystal Palace lunch, on or before Saturday, September 11th, at half-price (viz. 2s.)

Will all Vegetarians everywhere do their best to be in London from September 13th to 18th, and help to make this Congress helpfull to all and fruitful for much good to many a doubting but longing soul? - Yours faithfully,

The Secretary. Vegetarian Federal Union, 16, Farringdon Street, E.C.

From The Vegetarian, London, August 28th, 1897:

Vegetarian Choir - The first rehearsal of the Vegetarian Choir, which is being organized for the Jubilee Demonstration at the Crystal Palace on Sept. 16th, was held at the Memorial Hall, on Friday. Mr. John Ward, of the Retreat, Haverstock Hill, has kindly consented to conduct the choir. There was a good attendance, and it was resolved to hold further rehearsals on Tuesday, Sept. 7th, and Friday Sept. 10th. Additional members will be gladly welcomed, and anyone wishing to join the choir can obtain copies of the songs to be sung by writing to the Vegetarian Federal Union Secretary. Members of the Choir will have free railway passes and admissions to the Palace on September 16th.

From The Vegetarian, London, September 4th, 1897:

Vegetarian Choir

Rehearsals will be held on Tuesday, September 7th, at 7 p.m., at Mrs. Wallace's, Hygeia House, Osnaburg Terrace, by Portland Road Station. Friday, September 10th, at 7 p.m., at the V.F.U. Offices, Memorial Hall.

Vegetarians who have not yet joined the Choir, but who are desirous of doing so, should send in their names and addresses at once, to the Secretary, Vegetarian Federal Union, 16, Farringdon Street, E.C. Palace and rail tickets will be given free to members of the Choir.