Ancient Greece and Rome
Hesiod (c. 8th century BC)
Orphic Communities (c540 BC - ?)
Pythagoras (?580-?500 BC) and the Pythagoreans
( Herodotus link to Google Books) - trans. Rev. William Beloe 1831. P.236: The neck of land which stretches from the country of the Gindanes towards the sea is possessed by the Lotophagi who live entirely upon the fruit of the lotos
The Fragments of Empedocles (link to Questia.com) trans. W.E. Leonard Ph.D., Chicago, 1908. Part 2 says much about transmigration of souls and the Orphic/Pythagorean traditions.
Socrates (?470-399 BC)
Antisthenes (?445-365 BC)
Plato (?427-?347 BC)
Plato's Republic (link to archive.org) trans. Lewis Campbell M.A., LL.D., London, 1902. In Books II & III Plato (428-347 BC) develops the dietary ideas of Pythagoras.
Diogenes (?412-?323 BC)
Cicero (Roman) (106-43 B.C.)
Ovid (Publius Ovidius Naso) (43 BC - AD 17)
Español - Ovidio
Ovid's Metamorphoses (link to archive.org) By Publius Ovidius Naso (43 BC - AD 17). This edition pub. London 1822. Book 15, p.516 is a biography of Pythagoras. p.519: 'He first forbid animal food to be served up at the tables of men'.
Seneca (c.5 BC - AD 65)
Seneca's Morals (link to archive.org) - by Lucius Annaeus Seneca (c.5 BC - AD 65) - trans Sir Roger L'Estrange, New York, c.1870. "I gave over eating of flesh", p110
Plutarch (Greek) (c.AD 46-c.120)
Plutarch's Morals Vol.5 (link to archive.org) by Plutarch (c.AD 46-c.120)- edited by W. W. Goodwin Ph.D, Harvard, 1878. Includes the essay 'Of Eating Flesh'
Plotinus (Roman) (?205-?270)
Porphyry (Greek) (233 - 304)
Iamblichus (Greek) (c.250-c.325)
Emperor Julianus 331-363 A.D.
Christian and Western Literature 5th Century to 16th Century Book review:
Animal Minds and Human Morals: The Origins of the Western Debate by Richard Sorabji (book review) - early Greek/Christian philosophy.
03 February 2020.