Italian Tofu Balls
About the ingredients:
Tofu: Don't use tofu in a box, even if it says firm, and don't use
anything but firm or extra firm (or a block of each), fresh tofu.
It should be possible to hold one end of the block without it breaking
in half immediately. Rinse it and squeeze as much of the water as
you can out of it right before you start.
Bread crumbs: I make my own from toasted Berlin Bakeries spelt
bread, but any crumbs should work. Some people like chunks of bread
in the mix, and that works ok. Pre-season the crumbs with a little
salt (vegetable salt is nice), basil, (considerably less) oregano,
granulated garlic or garlic powder, and pepper. The amount of bread
crumbs required will greatly depend on the texture and wetness of
Granulated garlic: If you've never had it, you're missing a great
seasoning. look for it in natural foods stores.
Dried onion flakes: You can substitute fresh minced onion, but
you should probably partially cook it in the microwave or in a saucepan,
if you do. Ditto minced garlic, if you use it.
Dry egg replacer: Ener-G makes one; you can probably substitute
arrowroot flour or cornstarch. I've used cornstarch.
Tamari: Yes, you can use soy sauce. If you use soy sauce or regular
tamari, use a bit less.
Nutritional Yeast: Adds vitamins, micronutrients and a mild "cheesy"
flavor. Don't use brewer's yeast, which is bitter.
* Means optional
** Means optional but strongly suggested for best results.
(makes about 22 1 1/2" balls):
1. Lightly oil a full-size baking sheet, and begin preheating oven
- 2 x 16oz blocks of firm or extra firm tofu (or one of each)
- Roughly 1 1/2 cups of preseasoned bread crumbs
- * 1 heaping tablespoon powdered egg replacer
- About 1 1/2 tablespoons (six to ten shakes) low sodium tamari
- Vegetable or sea salt to taste. ( or potassium salt substitute)
- Pepper to taste.
- * About 2 tablespoons dry flaked onion.
- * Soymage Parmesan Substitute to taste.
- Roughly 1 teaspoon basil.
- Roughly 1/4 teaspoon oregano.
- Granulated garlic, minced garlic or garlic powder to taste.
- * 1 tablespoon nutritional yeast.
- ** 1 1/2 quarts pasta sauce.
2. Rinse, drain, and squeeze dry the tofu, crumble it into a large
mixing bowl, then mash it into an even - but not extremely fine
- consistency, using a sturdy fork.
Sprinkle on the tamari, and mix it in with the fork.
Add the other seasonings and the yeast, while continuing to mix
the tofu without mashing it further.
Taste it several times; you want it to taste mildly salty, and for
the flavor of the seasonings to be present, but not overwhelming.
3. Stir in the flaked or minced onion, and the egg replacer.
Then add about 2/3 of the bread crumbs, first mixing them in with
the fork, then with your (slightly moistened) hands.
First squeeze it through your fingers repeatedly, then press the
mixture firmly into the bottom of the bowl with your knuckles.
While doing this, add enough bread crumbs to make the mixture form
readily into firm balls, without being wet or doughlike.
If you add too much bread and it gets dry and crumbly, sprinkle
in a little water.
If it's still a little wet and you are out of bread, add a little
more egg replacer or some cornstarch or potato starch.
4. Form the mixture into balls. They can be small (about 1") or
medium size (about 1 1/2"). Larger ones are possible, but are likelier
to end up underdone in the middle.
Place them on the baking sheet. They can be close together, but
5. Bake at 350 degrees for about 45 minutes (small) to 1 hour
The tofu balls should be well browned, especially if you are omitting
the last two steps, but not burned looking.
You can turn them after 1/2 hour, but it isn't absolutely necessary.
**6. Let the balls cool for about 20 minutes, them place them
in a large *covered* frying pan that has been coated with canola
oil, olive oil, or a mix of the two, and preheated.
Gently saute them for about 15 minutes, turning them frequently.
**7 Add enough tomato sauce to completely cover the balls, then
cover and simmer them for one hour, gently stirring them occasionally.
They are ready to eat at this point, but for the best flavor, let
them sit in the sauce, in a glass bowl or steel pan, in the refrigerator
overnight. They freeze fairly well.
Note: for lowfat tofu balls, try omitting step #6, but not step