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Recipes Around the World International Vegetarian Union
Vegan Chinese Fry Recipes
Contributed by Vegetarians and Vegans from around the world
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Chinese Steamed Buns (Mauna Pua)
From: Ann Osterhagen

I thought I'd share one of my favorite recipes that all my friends love (including meat eaters).
Takes a bit of work, but with the holiday.......
Don't be intimidated 'cause it is WONDERFUL! Savory and satisfying.
I make large batches and heat the buns up in the microwave with a moist paper towel
- great work lunch with some rice and vegetables.

  • 1 package active dry yeast
  • 1 cup warm water, about 110 degrees (I use my wrist for gauging)
  • 1 Tbl. sugar
  • 2 Tbl. vegetable oil
  • 1 tsp. salt
  • About 2 3/4 cup whole wheat flour or white flour
  • Mushroom-Cashew filling (recipe follows)
  • 1 Tbl. margarine (for baked buns)
In a large bowl, dissolve yeast in the warm water; blend in sugar, oil and salt.
Let stand until bubbly (about 15 minutes).
Add flour and mix until dough holds together.
Place dough on a lightly floured board and knead until smooth and elastic (about 8-10 minutes).
Turn dough over in a greased bowl; cover and let rise in a warm place until doubled (about 1 hour).

Meanwhile prepare the following mushroom-cashew filling; let cool and set aside.

  • 1/4# chopped mushrooms
  • 1 small onion, chopped
  • 1 clove garlic, minced or pressed
  • 1 tsp. minced fresh ginger
  • 1/2 cup coarsely chopped bamboo shoots
  • 3/4 cup coarsely chopped cashews
  • 2 green onions including tops, thinly sliced
  • 1 Tbl. vegetable oil
  • 1 tsp. sesame oil
In a bowl, combine the following:
  • 3 Tbl. soy sauce
  • 1 Tbl. dry sherry
  • 1 tsp. sugar
  • 1/4 cup water
  • 1 Tbl. cornstarch
Heat oil in wide frying pan over high heat.
Add shrooms, onion, garlic and ginger and stir-fry for 3 minutes.
Add bamboo shoots, cashews, and green onions and cook for 2 minutes.
Pour in soy sauce mixture and cook, stirring, until sauce bubbles and thickens.
Stir in sesame oil.
Remove pan from heat and cool.

Turn dough out onto a lightly floured board and knead for 1 minute.
Cut dough into 12 equal pieces.

Roll each piece into a round about 4 1/2 inches in diameter.
Press outside edge of round to make it slightly thinner than the rest of the dough.
Place about 2 tablespoons filling in center of each round.
Pull edges of dough up around filling and twist to seal.

You can steam or bake the buns.
I have always steamed them so I can't vouch for the end product when it is baked, but I am sure both versions are good.

For steamed buns:
Place each bun, twisted side down, on a 2 inch square of foil and place on a cookie sheet.
Cover with a towel and let rise in a warm place until puffy and light (about 30 minutes).
Set with foil, in a single layer in a steaming basket over boiling water.
Cover and steam for 15 minutes.
Serve warm; or let cool, then wrap and refrigerate or freeze.
To reheat, steam buns until hot (about 5-10 minutes) or my microwave trick.

For baked buns:
Place buns about 2 inches apart on a greased cookie sheet.
Cover and let rise in a warm place until puffy and light (about 30 minutes).
Melt margarine, brush over tops.
Bake in a 350 degree oven until bottoms of buns turn golden brown (about 15 minutes).